Health

5 Common Thyroid Disorders and Problems

Thyroid Disorders are an important part of our endocrine system. it is a small butterfly-shaped gland that is located at the base of your Adam’s apple. One of the reasons that make the thyroid a very primary part of the endocrine system is because it is responsible for regulating the metabolism of our bodies.

It happens to be common knowledge that the thyroid can go into imbalance and affect the entire system. several different forms of thyroid disorders arise when there is too much thyroid or too little thyroid production. There are four main common disorders of the thyroid such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, Graves disease, goitre diseases, and formation of thyroid nodules.

Most of us unfortunately know very little about how the thyroid regulates and what is ti exactly about these common thyroid problems. most people are even misinformed bout their thyroid condition and how they are going to be treated. According to the thyroid specialist, many people had minor symptoms of thyroid and the wrong kind of diagnosis pushed them further into thyroid disease complications. This is why it is important to know about different thyroid diseases and how we can help them to become better.

Hyperthyroidism

This is one of the conditions of most common diseases on the list of thyroid diseases. In hyperthyroidism, the thyroid gland overproduces too of the thyroid hormone. This is more common in women and it roughly affects almost 1% of women worldwide.

Hyperthyroidism occurs as a trigger response to the grave’s diseases or due to the nodules of the thyroid gland. Either way, the overproduction of thyroid hormone results in multiple side effects such as

  • Restlessness
  • Fatigue
  • Nervousness
  • A racing heart
  • Excessive sweating
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of hair and nails

Diagnosis and Treatment

One of the best tests for the thyroid to check is to get a blood test in order to check your thyroid levels. Once you have received your diagnosis, most doctors prescribe iodine as an oral medicine or through injection. There are other antithyroid drugs that are often prescribed by doctors but that strictly depends on your metabolic activity, your weight your age, and if there are any other related health issues.

Hypothyroidism

Condition when the thyroid gland is underactive and there is less hormonal production. Hypothyroidism is a milder condition compared to hyperthyroidism and that may affect people at a younger age.

Some of the symptoms of hypothyroidism might be;

  • Fatigue
  • Dry skin
  • Depression
  • Increased sensitivity to cold
  • Memory problems
  • A slow heart rate
  • Excessive weight gain

In extreme conditions, people can also go into a coma.

Hypothyroidism diagnosis and treatment

Again the only way to detect thyroid disorders is to see blood tests to measure your hormonal thyroid levels. One of the major ways to take the treatment is to take pills that regulate TSH levels. It is important that the dose should be well regulated otherwise it is going to disturb your hormonal levels and may complicate your condition much more than it already is.

Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis

It is one of the most common causes of hypothyroidism and is very common in States. It can occur at any age, yet still, it is transgresse more in women as compare to other groups. This kind of thyroid disorders happens when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the thyroid gland. This in return cripples the thyroid to produce the right hormone. Usually, it takes years to get stable and even to diagnose it correctly as it does not have a specific set of symptoms. Some of these symptoms include;

  • Constant fatigue
  • Mild weight gain
  • Irregular menstruation or heavy blood flow
  • Puffy and pale face
  • Enlarged goitre
  • Thinning of hair
  • Very dry cracky skin
  • Intolerance to cold

Hashimoto’s Diagnosis and Treatment

Since this disease resembles an autoimmune attack, the doctor may find a lot of abnormal antibodies in your blood that may give an idea to the doctor that you may be experiencing another autoimmune disease. Hormone replacing medications are often prescribed in severe scenarios a surgery might be required to remove the affected part of the thyroid gland.

It is important to learn about the prevention of thyroid dysfunction and to know what leads to deficiency and imbalance in the first place. Always make sure o consult your doctor right away in case you feel any of the symptoms above.

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