The Difference Between REST and SOAP APIs
The API market is booming and it will continue to grow in the future. APIs are being used by many companies, small and large, to get the most out of their business applications.
However, using APIs means you should know what they are and how they work. In short, API stands for Application Programming Interface. It is a system that allows two different types of software to talk to each other. There are two different approaches to this data transmission: REST and SOAP and both come with their own benefits and disadvantages.
What is a REST API?
REST, or Representational State Transfer, is a type of API that is used to interact with web services. REST APIs are often used for data storage and retrieval.
REST APIs typically use HTTP methods such as GET, POST, PUT and DELETE to interact with the service. REST APIs are also stateless which means that each request has to contain all of the information necessary for the server to process it.
Examples of REST APIs:
- Currency Exchange APIs
- Geolocation APIs
- Phone/Email Validation APIs
What are the Advantages of REST APIs?
REST APIs are a great way to make your product more accessible and easier to use.
A REST API uses HTTP requests as the communication protocol. This helps developers create apps that can access data from other applications or services.
Some of the advantages of REST APIs are:
- They are easy to implement and maintain
- They are compatible with any programming language
- They have a lightweight data transfer protocol
What are the Limitations of REST APIs?
REST APIs are limited by the need for a third party to take on the responsibility of maintaining, scaling, and ensuring that the API is available at all times.
For example, if a company relies on a third-party service to provide storage or compute power, there is no guarantee that this service will always be available.
Further limitations of REST APIs include:
- Lack of security due to lack of authentication and authorization mechanisms.
- Lack of scalability due to single point of failure.
- Lack of programmatic access which means that applications cannot automatically make requests without human intervention.
What is a SOAP API?
SOAP stands for Simple Object Access Protocol. It is a protocol for exchanging structured information in a decentralized, distributed environment.
SOAP APIs are used to communicate with other applications or services. They are typically used by enterprises to connect their internal systems and software applications together, and also by third-party developers who want to create software that interacts with an enterprise’s own systems.
What are the Advantages of SOAP APIs?
SOAP APIs are mainly used to connect web services, or for connecting software components in an enterprise application.
SOAP APIs provide the following advantages:
- It does not require any special hardware or software to run on the client side.
- It is independent of programming language and operating system.
- It does not require any special hardware or software to run on the server side either, which means that it can be run on any computer with internet access.
- It is easy to maintain and update because it is based on XML, which is human readable and writable.
What are the Limitations of SOAP APIs?
SOAP APIs have been around for more than two decades and are still used by many developers. However, SOAP APIs have limitations. One of the limitations of SOAP APIs is that it does not provide useful information about errors. This means that if an error occurs, it will not be clear what caused it or how to fix it.
SOAP API is also vulnerable to man-in-the-middle attacks because they are transmitted in plain text and there is no encryption on the data being transferred between applications.
REST vs. SOAP APIs
RESTful APIs are more lightweight than SOAP APIs because they use less code for sending and receiving data – but they have limited features. SOAP APIs have more features but require more code than RESTful APIs – this makes them slower and harder to maintain.
Both come with their own benefits and disadvantages that developers should take into account before using them. At the end, which API is right for you will depend on your needs.