What are the Panel Beating Techniques?

Panel Beating, commonly referred to as smash repairers, fix cars and other vehicles after an accident. A panel beaters uses a number of techniques to repair the bodies of automobiles, including welding, putty fillers, planishing and other metallurgical processes. As part of accident repair, the panel beater might need to fix or replace a number of car parts. 

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The panels that cover the truck’s body is referred to as aerodynamic panel skirts, side panels, or side skirts. Boat tails, trailer tails, or rear tail fairings are common names for the panels that stick out from the back. They exist to reduce drag and save fuel, whatever name you want to give them.

Bodywork is repaired by panel beaters using methods like as planishing, metalworking, welding, putty fillers, and other techniques. As part of accident repair, the panel beater might need to mend or replace components of a car. These parts could be made from a wide range of materials, including steel, alloys, fiberglass, various polymers, and steels.

The average panel beater is capable of repairing 4WDs, vans, and other common vehicles. The group of specialized areas includes repairs for motorcycles, cars, and even aeroplanes. Some panel beaters only work on car restorations; they don’t even do smash repairs. Some people may concentrate on body modification, similar to what is done to hot rods.

The five steps to panel beating are as follows:

  1. Shrinking/Stretching 
  2. Planishing
  3. Welding
  4. Adding 
  5. Sanding
  1. Subscription/Extension

In order to do this, the damaged area of the panel must be heated and the metal must be reshaped using a specialized hammer. To restore the panel’s original curves and shape, this technique is used in conjunction with planishing.

  1. Planishing

Using a planishing hammer, the panel surface is carefully sculpted and polished. This metalworking process aids in pushing out the damaged metal in some areas when metal is forced up against a shaping tool, such as a dolly or stake.

  1. Welding

Metal pieces can be joined together to form a solid joint that ensures a sturdy vehicle construction by melting the work parts together during welding. Depending on the materials being bonded, welding can be done using a variety of techniques, such as an electric arc or a gas flame.

  1. Filling

Several tiny holes in the surface need to be filled with putty filler in order to return the surface to its original shape and curves. It needs to be applied carefully and rapidly because it loses its usability once it hardens. As the filler solidifies, sanding is required to shape and smooth it out.

  1. Sanding

An area is properly shaped and smoothed during the sanding process so that it is ready for spray painting. Depending on the project’s stage, varying the sanding pad’s coarseness can produce a distinctive texture.

The car can be painted and altered if necessary after the chassis and other parts have been properly aligned. The car is positioned on a hydraulic lift to do this. This is essential since the car’s underside might have been harmed in collisions.


So, all methods for panel beating have now been discussed.

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